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Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016

Post by Admin Dec 08,2018

Jammu and Kashmir: The resettlement row

Post by Admin Dec 11,2018

Information Fusion Centre to help in keeping the sea lanes secure

Post by Admin Dec 16,2018

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Tribunal set up to adjudicate ban on Manipur insurgent groups

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Revised guidelines for groundwater extraction notified; to be effective from June 1, 2019

Post by Admin Dec 15,2018

SC finds no irregularities in purchase of Rafale jets

Post by Admin Dec 16,2018

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Post by Admin Dec 16,2018

First private UAV manufacturing facility

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India's Draft Space Law: Opening Up The Final Frontier?

Post by Admin Dec 11,2018

Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016

Post by Admin,Dec 08,2018.
News

Recently, the Union Home Ministry has notified amendments to the Citizenship Rules, 2009, to include a separate column in the citizenship form for applicants belonging to six minority communities from Pakistan, Afghanistan,and Bangladesh.

  • In July 2016, the government of India provided various facilities to ease off the difficulties faced by minority communities (Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians) of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan staying in India on Long Term Visas like, they were allowed to open bank accounts, purchase property for self-occupation and suitable accommodation for carrying out self-employment, take self-employment, and obtain driving licenses, PAN cards, and Aadhar numbers.
  • The ministry has now made the changes under Section 18 of the Citizenship Act, 1955. The amendment will create a separate entry in the form that will ask the applicantwhether they belong to Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Parsis, Sikhs, and Christians, the minority communities from Afghanistan, Bangladesh,and Pakistan.

The Citizenship (Amendments) Bill, 2016:

  • The bill seekingto grant citizenship to non-Muslims who have fled persecution in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan introduced in the LokSabha on July 15, 2016.
  • It amends the Citizenship Act, 1955 to make illegal Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians migrants from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, eligible for citizenship.
  • The act provides for the criteria for eligibility for citizenship in India, with one of the requirements for citizenship by naturalization being that the applicant must have resided in India during the last 12 months, and for 11 of the previous 14 years.
  • The bill also relaxes this 11-year requirement to six years for persons belonging to the same six religions and three countries.
  • The bill also mentions that the registration of Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) cardholders may be cancelled if they violate any law.

Why India's new citizenship law is controversial?

The amendment to the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016 has fled discontentment among the people in Assam that are as follows:

  • It has run into stiff resistance from Assam because it will pave the way for giving citizenship mostly to illegal Hindu migrants from Bangladesh in Assam, who came after March 1971, in violation of the 1985 Assam Accord.
  • The bill contradicts the Assam Accord of 1985, which clearly states that illegal migrants are heading in from Bangladesh after March 25, 1971, would be deported.
  • There is a concern about the scope of the fundamental right contained in Article 29(1), relating to the right to conserve a distinct language, script or culture, and also about the meaning of expressions ‘culture’ and ‘conserve.
  • There is also a fear among the people of north-eastern states that this amendment would legitimize migration of Hindus from neighbouring Bangladesh in particular, potentially affecting the demographic make-up of the region.

Assam Accord

  • It was a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement in New Delhi on 15 August 1985.
  • This six-year agitation demanding identification and deportation of illegal immigrants were launched by the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) in 1979. It culminated with the signing of the Assam Accord.
  • The accord finally broads an end to the Assam Agitation and paved the way for the leaders of the agitation to form a political party and form a government in the state of Assam soon after.
  • As the accord brought an end to the agitation, some of the key clauses are yet to be implemented, which has kept some of the issues festering.

Reasons for immigration of refugees to India

Reasons for Immigrant Refugee in India are:

  • War (Bangladesh),
  • Domestic conflicts (Tibet, Sri Lanka),
  • Natural disasters (famine) and
  • Environmental displacement and Human trafficking

In order to foster better implementation of the notified rule, the ministry needs to carry out day-to-day works,and the amended rules would benefit those who escaped persecution. The changes in the rule are done to provide relief to the people. Apart from this, there must be a combination of ad hoc executive policies and judicial pronouncements for the regulation of refugees in India that are increasing as the borders on its eastern front are weak and vulnerable. Subsequently, India must configure comprehensive policy initiative to address the sentiments of the people of Assam.