Is intervention in Maldives crisis a preferable option for India ?
Post by Admin,Nov 30,-0001.
India’s foreign policy is driven by the famous PANCHSHEEL doctrine which calls for non intervention in internal politics . The unfolding crisis in Maldives draws attention to the perennial question about whether and when India should intervene in the internal politics of its neighbour. When New Delhi launched Operation cactus in 1988 and re installed the government of the then president Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, the Indian government won international communities praise but this however being a different situation and interference to save democracy in a sovereign country over their domestic political issue is not a wise decision to make no matter how grave the crisis is .
Then there is a legal challenge : an intervention could institute a clear violation of the UN Charter and international laws. Though there are historical events where intervention was done by the Indian government actively , the late 1980’s intervention in Srilanka by the Indian peace keeping force, Liberation of Bangladesh from Pakistan in 1977 or the recent involvement in making of Nepal’s constitution, these were nothing but a invited intervention which fetched mixed results .In case of the Male crisis it is from the opposition and a ex president in exile, Nasheed.
An intervention especially by an overly Hindu rights wing government will push the Maldives towards more Islamist politics which Yameen regime will use it to its advantage and drump up popular support. If so, anything short of a full fledge intervention that forcibly removes Yameen from power may indeed be counter productive . Recall how the American stepping up support to dethrone Saddam Hussein went horribly wrong. When we embark on a gunboat diplomacy either we get tangled or their vices becomes ours.
If growing relationship between Male and Beijing is New Delhi’s concern the intervention wouldn’t ensure a rift rather may have reverse effect and taking all neighbourhood issue as a zero – sum game between New Delhi and Beijing is problematic.
Indian intervention could also complicate life for over 25000 Indian expatriates. The crisis is not even humanitarian in nature and carrying out an operation in public view neither sit well with this tradition nor will it achieve India’s strategic objective.
This requires a great deal of craft, patience and diplomacy. India being a functioning democracy and an emerging global power can only facilitate democracy and Maldives being a tiny state with less than a half million people with a deeply fractured political elite is its undeniable burden in the region as any major intervention or forces would become not so favourable and democracy is not a commodity to be exported by India to weaker neighbours.