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Mobile medical units for KFD-hit areas in Karnataka

Post by Admin,Feb 05,2019.

In the wake of the outbreak of Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD) claiming nine lives since December 2018 here, the Shivamogga district administration in Karnataka has sought the help of private health establishments to tackle the viral fever.

  • The private health representatives assured medical services in affected areas through four mobile medical units. Each unit will have a doctor, two nurses and other staff.
  • The route map of the affected areas would be given to the Shivamogga Chapter of Indian Medical Association (IMA). The staff of the mobile units will conduct health check-up camps in these areas. Arrangements would be made for hospitalisation of the persons diagnosed with symptoms of KFD. 
  • As persons infected with KFD can be successfully treated if the disease is diagnosed at an early stage, the mobile units will prove effective in tackling the outbreak.

Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD)

  • Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD) is a tick-borne viral hemorrhagic fever endemic to South Asia.
  • The disease is caused by a virus belonging to the family Flaviviridae, which also includes yellow fever and dengue fever.
  • The disease was first reported from Kyasanur Forest of Karnataka in India in March 1957.
  • The disease first manifested as an epizootic outbreak among monkeys killing several of them in the year 1957. Hence the disease is also locally known as monkey disease or monkey fever.
  • There are a variety of animals thought to be reservoir hosts for the disease, including porcupines, rats, squirrels, mice and shrews. The vector for disease transmission is Haemaphysalis spinigera, a forest tick.
  • Humans contract infection from the bite of nymphs of the tick.
  • The disease has a fatality rate of 3-10% and it affects 400-500 people annually.
  • Prophylaxis by vaccination, as well as preventive measures like protective clothing, tick control, and mosquito control are advised.
  • The vaccine for KFDV consists of formalin-inactivated KFDV. The vaccine has a 62.4% effectiveness rate for individuals who receive two doses. For individuals who receive an additional dose, the effectiveness increases to 82.9%. Specific treatments are not available.

Indian Medical Association (IMA)

  • Indian Medical Association (IMA) is a national voluntary organisation of Doctors of Modern Scientific System of Medicine in India, which looks after the interest of doctors as well as the well being of the community at large.
  • It was established in 1928 as the All India Medical Association, renamed "Indian Medical Association" in 1930. It is a society registered under The Societies Act of India.
  • Headquartered in Delhi, it is the largest association of physicians and medical students in India. 
  • The ‘Central Council of IMA’ delegates its powers to a Working Committee (A representative body of all state branches) for implementation of programmes and activities. This committee meets at least three times a year to execute various activities for welfare of members and the people in matters of health.
  • The Indian Medical association is a founder member of the World Medical Association.
  • The Journal of the Indian Medical Association, popularly known as JIMA, is a monthly journal and has the largest circulation of all the indexed journals in the world.