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Prelims

Question:

Which of the following is/are false?.

1. Vardhamana Mahavira was a kshatriya prince of the Lichchhavis, a group that was part of the Vajji sangha.

2. The rules made for the Buddhist sangha were written down in a book called the Vinaya Pitaka.

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(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explaination

Question:

Which of the following is/are true?.

 

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(a) Magadha was the most powerful mahajanapada.

(b) Rajagaha was the capital of Magadha.

(c) Both (a) and (b) are correct.

(d) Both (a) and (b) are incorrect.

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explaination

Magadha (in present-day Bihar) became the most powerful mahajanapada. Rajagaha (the Prakrit name for present day Rajgir) was the capital of Magadha.

Question:

Lord Buddha’s image is sometimes shown with the hand gesture called ‘Bhumisparsha Mudra’. It symbolizes

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(a) Buddha’s calling of the Earth to watch over Mara and to prevent Mara from disturbing his meditation

(b) Buddha’s calling of the Earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara

(c) Buddha’s reminder to his followers that they all arise from the Earth and finally dissolve into the Earth, and thus this life is transitory

(d) Both the statements (a) and (b) are correct in this context

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explaination

Question:

Consider the following statements

1. Simuka founded Satavahana Dynasty.

2. Gautamiputra Satakami to whom scholars attribute the foundation of the Satavahana era in 78 A.D was a Satavahana King.

Which of the above is/are true?

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(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explaination

 Six coins of Simuka's name were recovered from nowhere else except at Kapparraopet lying near Kotilingala, the first capital of the Satavahanas.  Gautamiputra Satakarni bore the imperial title 'Rajarano' i.e. of King of Kings. The rulers regarded themselves as the guardians of social and political order and the welfare of their subjects. For administrative purposes, the empire was divided into a number of Aharas or Rashtras (Govardhana, Sopara. Manrrala, Satavahana etc.), each of which consisted of at least one central town (Nigama) and a number of villages. The Amatyas governed these Aharas. The Maharathis and the Mahabhojas, the feudatory chieftains, were superior in rank and power to the Amatyas.  The inscriptions refer to officers like Mahassnapati, Heranika, Bhandagarika, Mahamatra, Lekhaka and Nibandhakaras. Gramas (villages) and Nigamas (towns) were the lowest administrative units. Considerable autonomy was there in managing the affairs of these units. The trade and merchant guilds (srenies) played an important part in this regard.

Question:

Consider the following statements.

1. Asvaghosha was a contemporary of Kanishka.

2. Buddhism was Buddhism into Mahayana and Hinayana sects at the 3rd Buddhist Council.

Which of the above statements is/are true?
 

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(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explaination

Fourth Buddhist Council: 72AD  The Fourth Buddhist Council was held at Kundalvana, Kashmir in 72 AD under the patronage of Kushan king Kanishka and the president of this council was Vasumitra, with Aśvaghosa as his deputy. This council distinctly divided the Buddhism into 2 sects Mahayan & Hinayan.  Another Fourth Buddhist Council was held at Tambapanni (one name of Sri Lanka) at Aloka Lena under the patronage of Vattagamani-Abaya. However, most scholars agree that this was not eligible to be called a Council as it was not under a king but a local chieftain. This council is also related to the cruel policy of Vattagamani-Abaya towards Jains, as it is said that a jain premises was destroyed and a Mahayan temple was built.

Question:

'Potemkin village' refers to

 

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(a) a place in Antarctica where potential Uranium reserves have been found out

(b) a place on Mars

(c) a politico-economic situation

(d) a place in Himalayas where potential anti cancerous trees have been found out

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explaination

 This refers to any kind of false structure built to deceive observers into believing that a situation is much better than it actually is. The term has its origin in the fake villages that were constructed by Russian military leader Grigory Potyomkin in the 18th century. In order to woo Empress Catherine the Great, Potyomkin arranged a show of prosperity during her inspection trip to Crimea in 1787 after the acquisition of new land in Crimea and other regions following Russia’s victory over the Ottoman empire. He made the situation on the ground look better than it was by erecting replicas of pretty towns and fancy fireworks.

Question:

Banks are required to invest certain percentage of their deposits in specified financial securities like Central Government or State Government securities. This percentage is known as

 

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(a) Reverse Statutory Liquidity

(b) Marginal Liquidity Ratio

(c) Reverse Marginal Liquidity

(d) Statutory Liquidity Ratio

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explaination

 The RBI Act instructs that all commercial banks (and some other specified institutions) in the country have to keep a given proportion of their demand and time deposits (NDTL or net demand and time liabilities) as liquid assets in their own vault. This is called statutory liquidity ratio.  The word statutory here means that it is a legal requirement and liquid asset means assets in the form of cash, gold and approved securities (government securities). The RBI itself gives periodic updates about which assets are qualified as liquid assets under SLR. Similarly, it also gives institution specific guidelines for SLR to be kept.

Question:

Consider the following statements about G 20. Select the correct statements.

1. Its a forum of governments and central bank governors from  20 major economies.

2. Its secreteriat is in Beijing 

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(a) only 1

(b) only 2

(c) both 1 and 2

(d) neither 1 or 2

Check Answer:

Answer: only 1 is true
Explaination

G 20 does not have a Secretariat, does not have any staff working for it, and it is basically a leader led forum.

Question:Consider the following statements 1. Vardhamana Mahavira was a kshatriya prince of the Lichchhavis, a group that was part of the Vajji sangha. 2. Jainism was supported mainly by traders. Which of the above statements is/are true? -View

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explaination

Farmers, who had to kill insects to protect their crops, found it more difficult to follow the rules.

Question:The best-known of the rulers who controlled the Silk Route were -View

(a) Pallavas

(b) Mauryas

(c) Kushanas

(d) None of these

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explaination

 The best-known of the rulers who controlled the Silk Route were the Kushanas, who ruled over central Asia and north-west India around 2000 years ago. Their two major centres of power were Peshawar and Mathura. Taxila was also included in their kingdom. During their rule, a branch of the Silk Route extended from Central Asia down to the seaports at the mouth of the river Indus, from where silk was shipped westwards to the Roman Empire. The Kushanas were amongst the earliest rulers of the subcontinent to issue gold coins. These were used by traders along the Silk Route.