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Prelims -Ancient and Medieval India

Question:

Which of the following is/are true?.

 

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(a) Magadha was the most powerful mahajanapada.

(b) Rajagaha was the capital of Magadha.

(c) Both (a) and (b) are correct.

(d) Both (a) and (b) are incorrect.

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

Magadha (in present-day Bihar) became the most powerful mahajanapada. Rajagaha (the Prakrit name for present day Rajgir) was the capital of Magadha.

Question:

Lord Buddha’s image is sometimes shown with the hand gesture called ‘Bhumisparsha Mudra’. It symbolizes

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(a) Buddha’s calling of the Earth to watch over Mara and to prevent Mara from disturbing his meditation

(b) Buddha’s calling of the Earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara

(c) Buddha’s reminder to his followers that they all arise from the Earth and finally dissolve into the Earth, and thus this life is transitory

(d) Both the statements (a) and (b) are correct in this context

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

Question:

Consider the following statements

1. Simuka founded Satavahana Dynasty.

2. Gautamiputra Satakami to whom scholars attribute the foundation of the Satavahana era in 78 A.D was a Satavahana King.

Which of the above is/are true?

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(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

 Six coins of Simuka's name were recovered from nowhere else except at Kapparraopet lying near Kotilingala, the first capital of the Satavahanas.  Gautamiputra Satakarni bore the imperial title 'Rajarano' i.e. of King of Kings. The rulers regarded themselves as the guardians of social and political order and the welfare of their subjects. For administrative purposes, the empire was divided into a number of Aharas or Rashtras (Govardhana, Sopara. Manrrala, Satavahana etc.), each of which consisted of at least one central town (Nigama) and a number of villages. The Amatyas governed these Aharas. The Maharathis and the Mahabhojas, the feudatory chieftains, were superior in rank and power to the Amatyas.  The inscriptions refer to officers like Mahassnapati, Heranika, Bhandagarika, Mahamatra, Lekhaka and Nibandhakaras. Gramas (villages) and Nigamas (towns) were the lowest administrative units. Considerable autonomy was there in managing the affairs of these units. The trade and merchant guilds (srenies) played an important part in this regard.

Question:

Consider the following statements.

1. Asvaghosha was a contemporary of Kanishka.

2. Buddhism was Buddhism into Mahayana and Hinayana sects at the 3rd Buddhist Council.

Which of the above statements is/are true?
 

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(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

Fourth Buddhist Council: 72AD  The Fourth Buddhist Council was held at Kundalvana, Kashmir in 72 AD under the patronage of Kushan king Kanishka and the president of this council was Vasumitra, with Aśvaghosa as his deputy. This council distinctly divided the Buddhism into 2 sects Mahayan & Hinayan.  Another Fourth Buddhist Council was held at Tambapanni (one name of Sri Lanka) at Aloka Lena under the patronage of Vattagamani-Abaya. However, most scholars agree that this was not eligible to be called a Council as it was not under a king but a local chieftain. This council is also related to the cruel policy of Vattagamani-Abaya towards Jains, as it is said that a jain premises was destroyed and a Mahayan temple was built.

Question:Consider the following statements 1. Vardhamana Mahavira was a kshatriya prince of the Lichchhavis, a group that was part of the Vajji sangha. 2. Jainism was supported mainly by traders. Which of the above statements is/are true? -View

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

Farmers, who had to kill insects to protect their crops, found it more difficult to follow the rules.

Question:The best-known of the rulers who controlled the Silk Route were -View

(a) Pallavas

(b) Mauryas

(c) Kushanas

(d) None of these

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

 The best-known of the rulers who controlled the Silk Route were the Kushanas, who ruled over central Asia and north-west India around 2000 years ago. Their two major centres of power were Peshawar and Mathura. Taxila was also included in their kingdom. During their rule, a branch of the Silk Route extended from Central Asia down to the seaports at the mouth of the river Indus, from where silk was shipped westwards to the Roman Empire. The Kushanas were amongst the earliest rulers of the subcontinent to issue gold coins. These were used by traders along the Silk Route.

Question:Pancha Siddhantika was composed by -View

(a) Aryabhatta

(b) Vagbhata

(c) Brahmagupta

(d) Varahamihira

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

 The Gupta period witnessed a brilliant activity in the sphere of mathematics, astronomy, astrology and medicine. Aryabhatta wasa great mathematician and astronomer. He wrote the book Aryabhatiya in 499 A.D.  It deals with mathematics and astronomy. It explains scientifically the occurrence of solar and lunar eclipses. Aryabhatta was the first to declare that the earth was spherical in shape and that it rotates on its own axis. However, these viewswere rejected by later astronomers like Varahamihira and Brahmagupta. Varahamihira composed Pancha Siddhantika, the fiveastronomical systems.  He was also a great authority on astrology. His work Brihadsamhita is a great work in Sanskrit literature. It deals with a variety of subjects like astronomy, astrology, geography, architecture, weather, animals, marriage and omens. His Brihadjataka is considered to be a standard work on astrology. In the field of medicine, Vagbhata lived during this period.  He was the last of the great medical trio of ancient India. The other two scholars Charaka and Susruta lived before the Gupta age. Vagbhata was the author Ashtangasamgraha (Summary of the eight branches of medicine).

Question:Which of the following was/were discovered from Mohenjadaro?. I. Great Granary II. An assembly hall III. Piece of woven cotton -View

(a) I, II & III

(b) II & III

(c) Only III

(d) I & II

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

Question:"Bhuktis" of Gupta Period refer to -View

(a) Buddhist Saints

(b) Governors

(c) Provinces

(d) Jainist Saints

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

 Provinces in the Gupta Empire were known as Bhuktis and provincial governors as Uparikas. They were mostly chosen from among the princes. Bhuktis were subdivided into Vishyas or districts. They were governed by Vishyapatis. Nagara Sreshtis were the officers looking after the city administration. The villages in the district were under the control of Gramikas. Fahien’s account on the Gupta administration provides useful information. He characterizes the Gupta administration as mild and benevolent. There were no restrictions on people’s movements and they enjoyed a large degree of personal freedom. There was no state interference in the individual’s life.

Question:Which of the following is/are true? -View

(a) Most Harappan sites are located in semi-arid Lands.

(b) Shortughai in Afghanistan is a Harappan site.

(c) Both (a) and (b) are correct.

(d) Both (a) and (b) are incorrect

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

Most Harappan sites are located in semi-arid lands, where irrigation was probably required for agriculture. Traces of canals have been found at the Harappan site of Shortughai in Afghanistan, but not in Punjab or Sind.