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Prelims

Question:

Which of the following Indian organisations has won the 2018 Asia Environment Enforcement Awards?

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(a) National Tiger Conservation Authority

(b) National Biodiversity Authority

(c) Wildlife Crime Control Bureau

(d) Centre for Ecology and Rural

Check Answer:

Answer: Wildlife Crime control Bureau
Explanation

The Asia Environment Enforcement Awards publicly recognize and celebrate excellence in enforcement by government officials and institutions/teams combating transboundary environmental crime in Asia. This award is given to individuals, government organizations, and teams which demonstrate excellence and leadership in the enforcement of national laws to combat transboundary environmental crime in one of the following eligibility criteria areas: collaboration; impact; innovation; integrity and gender leadership. WCCB has been conferred this award for under the Innovation category. It adopted some innovative enforcement techniques which have dramatically decreased transboundary environmental crimes in India. Established by amending Wildlife (Protection) Act (WLPA), 1972 in June 2007, the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) is a statutory body which works under the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) for combating the organized wildlife crimes in the country.

Question:

Consider the following statements

(1) UK's Prime Minister Theresa May is from Liberal Party.

(2) Northern Ireland is not a part of UK.

Which of the above statement is/are true?

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(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/her-toughest-week/article25532601.ece

Question:
  Consider the following statements. 
1. Leptin decreases food consumption. 
2. Ajinomoto is chemically Monosodium glutamate and it increases the secretion of  Leptin.
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(a) Only 1 is false

(b) Only 2 is false

(c) Both 1 and 2 are false

(d) Neither 1 nor 2 is false

Check Answer:

Answer: C
Explanation

Monosodium glutamate - ajinomoto, is a flavour enhancer and widely used in Chinese food, canned vegetables and processed meat. It affects the hunger pathways involving hypothalamus in the brain. It reduces the release of leptin, a hormone that induces satiety feeling and increases food consumption.

Question:

India recently opposed "Singapore Proposal" .What does "Singapore proposal " deal with?

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(a) IMF Reforms

(b) WTO - Export Restrictions

(c) Climate resilient technologies

(d) Maritime Security

Check Answer:

Answer: WTO - Export restictions
Explanation

Singapore at the World Trade Organization (WTO) made a proposal to exempt food purchases made for humanitarian purposes from export restrictions arguing that the move could limit its policy space. They say these restrictions would lead to significant inefficiencies in humanitarian food assistance delivery.This proposal was supported by EU, New Zealand, Philippines, Canada, Argentina, Costa Rica and Australia . But this was opposed by India saying export restrictions were a vital policy instrument for handling sudden shocks in domestic food supply.Jamaica, representing the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP), and Egypt, on behalf of the African Group also opposed Singapore proposal. Its been advised to resolve the differences among the WTO members at the earliest

Question:

Where is Serengeti ecosystem?

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(a) Arunachal Pradesh

(b) Tripura

(c) Meghalaya

(d) none of these

Check Answer:

Answer: none of these
Explanation

Serengeti The Serengeti ecosystem is a geographical region located in Tanzania in Africa. It extends upto south-western Kenya, where it is called the Maasai Mara. The Serengeti is an endless plain that is home to about 70 large mammals and 500 bird species. It hosts the largest terrestrial mammal migration in the world. This season, in June, groups of wildebeest would be in the second phase of their annual mass migration. They must have already settled around the Grumeti River. Every year, the animals set out to a clockwise movement beginning from the Ngorongoro Conservation Area of the southern Serengeti in Tanzania in January. They move towards Serengeti National Park and north towards the Maasai Mara reserve in Kenya. During February, they spend their time grazing and giving birth. The first phase ends in March. Slowly the zebra and the gazelle also follow suit. The wildebeest herd’s crossing of the Grumeti and Mara rivers in July are a popular safari attraction. This is also the time, when crocodiles of the rivers await the arrival of their prey. But thousands of them die by the time they reach the Maasai Mara National Reserve in southwestern Kenya due to hunger, exhaustion, or predation. Besides being known for the great migration, the Serengeti is also famous for its abundant large predators. The governments of Tanzania and Kenya maintain a number of protected areas, including national parks, conservation areas, and game reserves. They give legal protection to over 80 per cent of the Serengeti.

Question:
(1)Barium
(2)Strontium
(3)Fermium

Which of the above is/are found in Fire Crackers?

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(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 1 and 2

(d) 2 and 3

Check Answer:

Answer: 1 and 2
Explanation

Question:

Use of Pesticides

(1) Affects Nitrogen  Cycle
(2) Affects Genetic Diversity
(3) Leads to Eutrophication
 

 

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(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) Only 1

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) 1 and 3

Check Answer:

Answer: 1, 2 and 3
Explanation

Question:

“Secure  Himalaya” is being partnered by

(1) United Nations Environment Programme
(2) United Nations Development Programme
(3) Global Environment Facility
(4) World Wildlife Fund for Nature
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(a) 2 and 3

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) 1, 3 and 4

Check Answer:

Answer: 1 and 3
Explanation

Question:

“Air Pollution in Asia and the Pacific: Science – Based Solutions” is a report prepared by

 
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(a) United Nations Environment Programme

(b) World Meteorological Organization

(c) United Nations Development Programme

(d) Global Environment Facility

Check Answer:

Answer: United Nations Environment Programme
Explanation

Question:

“Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas” is prepared by

 
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(a) United Nations Environment Programme

(b) World Wide Fund for Nature

(c) Global Environment Facility

(d) United Nations Development Programme

Check Answer:

Answer: World Wide Fund for Nature
Explanation