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Prelims

Question:Pancha Siddhantika was composed by -View

(a) Aryabhatta

(b) Vagbhata

(c) Brahmagupta

(d) Varahamihira

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Explaination

 The Gupta period witnessed a brilliant activity in the sphere of mathematics, astronomy, astrology and medicine. Aryabhatta wasa great mathematician and astronomer. He wrote the book Aryabhatiya in 499 A.D.  It deals with mathematics and astronomy. It explains scientifically the occurrence of solar and lunar eclipses. Aryabhatta was the first to declare that the earth was spherical in shape and that it rotates on its own axis. However, these viewswere rejected by later astronomers like Varahamihira and Brahmagupta. Varahamihira composed Pancha Siddhantika, the fiveastronomical systems.  He was also a great authority on astrology. His work Brihadsamhita is a great work in Sanskrit literature. It deals with a variety of subjects like astronomy, astrology, geography, architecture, weather, animals, marriage and omens. His Brihadjataka is considered to be a standard work on astrology. In the field of medicine, Vagbhata lived during this period.  He was the last of the great medical trio of ancient India. The other two scholars Charaka and Susruta lived before the Gupta age. Vagbhata was the author Ashtangasamgraha (Summary of the eight branches of medicine).

Question:Which of the following was/were discovered from Mohenjadaro?. I. Great Granary II. An assembly hall III. Piece of woven cotton -View

(a) I, II & III

(b) II & III

(c) Only III

(d) I & II

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Answer:
Explaination

Question:"Bhuktis" of Gupta Period refer to -View

(a) Buddhist Saints

(b) Governors

(c) Provinces

(d) Jainist Saints

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Answer:
Explaination

 Provinces in the Gupta Empire were known as Bhuktis and provincial governors as Uparikas. They were mostly chosen from among the princes. Bhuktis were subdivided into Vishyas or districts. They were governed by Vishyapatis. Nagara Sreshtis were the officers looking after the city administration. The villages in the district were under the control of Gramikas. Fahien’s account on the Gupta administration provides useful information. He characterizes the Gupta administration as mild and benevolent. There were no restrictions on people’s movements and they enjoyed a large degree of personal freedom. There was no state interference in the individual’s life.

Question:Which of the following is/are true? -View

(a) Most Harappan sites are located in semi-arid Lands.

(b) Shortughai in Afghanistan is a Harappan site.

(c) Both (a) and (b) are correct.

(d) Both (a) and (b) are incorrect

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Answer:
Explaination

Most Harappan sites are located in semi-arid lands, where irrigation was probably required for agriculture. Traces of canals have been found at the Harappan site of Shortughai in Afghanistan, but not in Punjab or Sind.

Question:Kailasanatha temple one of the largest rock-cut ancient Hindu temples located in Ellora stands testimony to the architectural achievement of -View

(a) Nandas

(b) Palas

(c) Rashtrakutas

(d) Solankis

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Explaination

 The art and architecture of the Rashtrakutas were found at Ellora and Elephanta. At Ellora, the most remarkable temple is the Kailasa temple.  The Kailasa temple is an architectural marvel with it beautiful sculptures. The sculpture of the Goddess Durga is shown as slaying the Buffalo demon. In another sculpture Ravana was making attempts to lift Mount Kailasa, the abode of Siva. The scenes of Ramayana were also depicted on the walls. The general characteristics of the Kailasa temple are more Dravidian. Elephanta is an island near Bombay. It was originally called Sripuri. The Portuguese after seeing the large figure of an elephant named it Elephanta. The sculptural art of the Rashtrakutas reached its zenith in this place.

Question:Which of the following is/are true? I. Arthashastra is a Realist Tradition treatise on Politics. II. Nitishastra was authored by Kautilya. III. Arthashastra is written in Pali. -View

(a) I, II & III

(b) II & III

(c) Only III

(d) I & II

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Explaination

• Arthashastra is written in Sanskrit.

Question:The “dharma” and “rita” depict a central idea of ancient Vedic civilization of India, In this context, consider the following statements: 1. Dharma was a conception of obligations and of the discharge of one’s duties to oneself and to others. 2. Rita was the fundamental moral law governing the functioning of the universe and all it contained. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?. -View

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

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Explaination

Dharma is generally accepted to have been derived and supersede from the vedic concept of Rita, which literally meant, ’the straight line’. Rita refers to the Law of Nature, it signifies moral laws, and based on righteousness. When something is Rita it simply meant that thing is true, right and nothing more. Dharma evolved side by side of Rita but eventually took over it as the old concept of Rita was not able to cope and solve the issue emerging with increasing social complexities. Dharma signifies Natural law.

Question:With reference to the scientific progress of ancient India, which of the statements given below are correct?. (a) Different kinds of specialized surgical instruments were in common use by 1st century AD. (b) Transplant of internal organs in the human body had begun by the beginning of 3rd century AD. (c) The concept of sine of an angle was known in 5th century AD. (d) The concept of cyclic quadrilaterals was known in 7th century AD. Select the correct answer using the codes given below :- -View

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

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Answer:
Explaination

Question:Global climate risk index is published by -View

(a) German Watch

(b) World Health Organization

(c) UNEP

(d) World Meteorological Organization

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Explaination

 https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/environment/global-warming/india-sixth-most-vulnerable-country-facing-extreme-weather-events-report/articleshow/61581900.cms

Question:The earliest example of a land grant is provided by an inscription of -View

(a) The Guptas

(b) The Mauryas

(c) The Satavahanas

(d) The Chalukyas

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Explaination