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Prelims -Ancient and Medieval India

Question:Kailasanatha temple one of the largest rock-cut ancient Hindu temples located in Ellora stands testimony to the architectural achievement of -View

(a) Nandas

(b) Palas

(c) Rashtrakutas

(d) Solankis

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Answer:
Explanation

 The art and architecture of the Rashtrakutas were found at Ellora and Elephanta. At Ellora, the most remarkable temple is the Kailasa temple.  The Kailasa temple is an architectural marvel with it beautiful sculptures. The sculpture of the Goddess Durga is shown as slaying the Buffalo demon. In another sculpture Ravana was making attempts to lift Mount Kailasa, the abode of Siva. The scenes of Ramayana were also depicted on the walls. The general characteristics of the Kailasa temple are more Dravidian. Elephanta is an island near Bombay. It was originally called Sripuri. The Portuguese after seeing the large figure of an elephant named it Elephanta. The sculptural art of the Rashtrakutas reached its zenith in this place.

Question:Which of the following is/are true? I. Arthashastra is a Realist Tradition treatise on Politics. II. Nitishastra was authored by Kautilya. III. Arthashastra is written in Pali. -View

(a) I, II & III

(b) II & III

(c) Only III

(d) I & II

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Answer:
Explanation

• Arthashastra is written in Sanskrit.

Question:The “dharma” and “rita” depict a central idea of ancient Vedic civilization of India, In this context, consider the following statements: 1. Dharma was a conception of obligations and of the discharge of one’s duties to oneself and to others. 2. Rita was the fundamental moral law governing the functioning of the universe and all it contained. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?. -View

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

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Answer:
Explanation

Dharma is generally accepted to have been derived and supersede from the vedic concept of Rita, which literally meant, ’the straight line’. Rita refers to the Law of Nature, it signifies moral laws, and based on righteousness. When something is Rita it simply meant that thing is true, right and nothing more. Dharma evolved side by side of Rita but eventually took over it as the old concept of Rita was not able to cope and solve the issue emerging with increasing social complexities. Dharma signifies Natural law.

Question:With reference to the scientific progress of ancient India, which of the statements given below are correct?. (a) Different kinds of specialized surgical instruments were in common use by 1st century AD. (b) Transplant of internal organs in the human body had begun by the beginning of 3rd century AD. (c) The concept of sine of an angle was known in 5th century AD. (d) The concept of cyclic quadrilaterals was known in 7th century AD. Select the correct answer using the codes given below :- -View

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

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Answer:
Explanation

Question:The earliest example of a land grant is provided by an inscription of -View

(a) The Guptas

(b) The Mauryas

(c) The Satavahanas

(d) The Chalukyas

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Answer:
Explanation

Question:Consider the following statements 1. The Rig-vedic society was largely an egalitarian society. 2. The women in Rig-vedic society enjoyed respectable position. Which of the above statements is/are false? -View

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

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Answer:
Explanation

Question:The animals that are present around the Pasupati on a seal of Harappan Culture are 1. Buffalo 2. Rhinoceros 3. Elephant 4. Deer -View

(a) 1, 2 and 4

(b) 1, 3 and 4

(c) 1, 2, 3 and 4

(d) 2 and 3

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Answer:
Explanation

Question:The Palitana temples of Jains are located on -View

(a) Shatrunjaya hills

(b) Mt.Abu

(c) Vindhyas

(d) Satpuras

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Answer:
Explanation

The Palitana Temples, constructed in marble and white stone, are considered to be one of the most sacred pilgrimage centres by the Jains.

Question:Thatched wind screens were constructed at -View

(a) Banawali

(b) Piklihal

(c) Kayatha

(d) Bagor

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Answer:
Explanation

 The Pachpadra basin and the Sojat area in Rajasthan are rich in microliths-small stone tools. Bagor on the river Kothari is the largest Mesolithic site in India.

Question:The correct ascending order of Political structure of Rig Vedic India -View

(a) Rashtra > Grama > Vis > Jana > Kula

(b) Grama > Kula > Vis > Rashtra > Jana

(c) Kula > Grama > Vis > Jana > Rashtra

(d) Kula > Rashtra >Grama > Vis > Jana

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Answer:
Explanation

 The Rigvedic political structure was in the following ascending order (i) The Family (Kula), (ii) The Village (grama), (Hi) The clan (vis), (iv) The people (Jana), (v) The country (Rastra).