Question:The “dharma” and “rita” depict a central idea of ancient Vedic civilization of India, In this context, consider the following statements:
1. Dharma was a conception of obligations and of the discharge of one’s duties to oneself and to others.
2. Rita was the fundamental moral law governing the functioning of the universe and all it contained.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?.
a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 Nor 2
Dharma is generally accepted to have been derived and supersede from the vedic concept of Rita, which literally meant, ’the straight line’. Rita refers to the Law of Nature, it signifies moral laws, and based on righteousness. When something is Rita it simply meant that thing is true, right and nothing more. Dharma evolved side by side of Rita but eventually took over it as the old concept of Rita was not able to cope and solve the issue emerging with increasing social complexities. Dharma signifies Natural law.