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Prelims -Daily News Based

Question:

Consider the following statements regarding ‘Swayam Prabha’ :

1. It is a group of DTH Channels dedicated to the telecast of high-quality science programmes

2. GSAT-15 Satellite is used for streaming the channels

3. NCERT provides contents in Swayam Prabha

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 

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(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Check Answer:

Answer: B
Explanation

Question:

Consider  the  following  statements  regarding ‘Kimberley Process Certification Scheme’ : -

1.  Fowler Report led to creation of Kimberley Process Certification Scheme.  

2.  Kimberley Process Certification Scheme completely bans import and export of rough diamonds without certification.  

Which  of  the  statements  given  above  is/are correct?.

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(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer: C
Explanation

Conflict diamonds or Blood diamonds are the rough diamonds used by rebel movements in the third world countries especially in Africa to finance civil wars or insurgency with an aim to topple legitimate governments. The KPCS completely bans import and export of conflict diamonds without certification.

Question:

Which of the following statements regarding "Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS)" is/are correct?

1. It was established by UNGA resolution to stop the flow of 'Conflict Diamonds' to finance war against legitimate governments.

2. India is one of the founding members of KPCS. 

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(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer: C
Explanation

Conflict diamonds or Blood diamonds are the rough diamonds used by rebel movements in the third world countries especially in Africa to finance civil wars or insurgency with an aim to topple legitimate governments. The KPCS completely bans import and export of conflict diamonds without certification.

Question:

1. India is not a signatory to the UN Convention against Torture.

2. Since 2008, India has been represented every year by its Attorney General in the Universal Periodic Review done by the UN Committee against Torture in Geneva.

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(a) Only 1 is false

(b) Only 2 is false

(c) Both 1 and 2 are false

(d) Neither 1 nor 2 is false

Check Answer:

Answer: A
Explanation

https://thewire.in/law/sc-to-take-up-former-law-ministers-plea-on-enacting-law-against-torture

Question:

Consider the following statements.   

1. Indian Ocean is warming more than other equatorial oceans partly because it also receives heat from other oceans.   

2. Indian Ocean is warming faster than the Indian landmass because pollution is causing solar dimming and not letting the land warm as much .

 

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(a) Only 1 is false

(b) Only 2 is false

(c) Both 1 and 2 are false

(d) Neither 1 nor 2 is false

Check Answer:

Answer: D
Explanation

https://www.thewire.in/environment/as-farmers-march-to-delhi-climate-change-fuels-their-larger-crisis

Question:

Which of the cyclones has been declared 'rarest cyclone' as per latest report by RIMES?

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(a) Gaza

(b) Manghut

(c) Titli

(d) Morakot

Check Answer:

Answer: Titli
Explanation

The Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (RIMES) for Africa and Asia has termed ‘Titli’, the severe cyclonic storm that devastated Odisha in October, as ‘rarest cyclone’.RIMES, is an inter-governmental body registered under the United Nations. It is being owned and managed by 45 collaborating countries in Asia Pacific and Africa Region. The programme unit of the agency is located in Thailand. At present, India is chairing RIMES. RIMES evolved from the efforts of countries in Africa and Asia, in the aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, to establish a regional early warning system within a multi-hazard framework for the generation and communication of early warning information, and capacity building for preparedness and response to trans-boundary hazards.

Question:

Which State has launched 'Bhudaar' portal to make land records accessible to people?

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(a) Uttar Pradesh

(b) Gujarat

(c) Andhra Pradesh

(d) Kerala

Check Answer:

Answer: Andhra Pradesh
Explanation

Andhra Pradesh launched a web portal that will make land records available to people with unique identification numbers like Aadhar number. The 'Bhudaar' is an 11 digit unique identification code assigned to each agriculture land holding and rural and urban properties in the state.

Question:

Which of the following Indian organisations has won the 2018 Asia Environment Enforcement Awards?

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(a) National Tiger Conservation Authority

(b) National Biodiversity Authority

(c) Wildlife Crime Control Bureau

(d) Centre for Ecology and Rural

Check Answer:

Answer: Wildlife Crime control Bureau
Explanation

The Asia Environment Enforcement Awards publicly recognize and celebrate excellence in enforcement by government officials and institutions/teams combating transboundary environmental crime in Asia. This award is given to individuals, government organizations, and teams which demonstrate excellence and leadership in the enforcement of national laws to combat transboundary environmental crime in one of the following eligibility criteria areas: collaboration; impact; innovation; integrity and gender leadership. WCCB has been conferred this award for under the Innovation category. It adopted some innovative enforcement techniques which have dramatically decreased transboundary environmental crimes in India. Established by amending Wildlife (Protection) Act (WLPA), 1972 in June 2007, the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) is a statutory body which works under the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) for combating the organized wildlife crimes in the country.

Question:

Consider the following statements

(1) UK's Prime Minister Theresa May is from Liberal Party.

(2) Northern Ireland is not a part of UK.

Which of the above statement is/are true?

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(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/her-toughest-week/article25532601.ece

Question:
  Consider the following statements. 
1. Leptin decreases food consumption. 
2. Ajinomoto is chemically Monosodium glutamate and it increases the secretion of  Leptin.
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(a) Only 1 is false

(b) Only 2 is false

(c) Both 1 and 2 are false

(d) Neither 1 nor 2 is false

Check Answer:

Answer: C
Explanation

Monosodium glutamate - ajinomoto, is a flavour enhancer and widely used in Chinese food, canned vegetables and processed meat. It affects the hunger pathways involving hypothalamus in the brain. It reduces the release of leptin, a hormone that induces satiety feeling and increases food consumption.