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Prelims -Environment

Question:

Consider the following statements:

1. Red Panda is the state animal of Sikkim.

2. Red panda is a herbivore.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect? 

-View

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer: B
Explanation

The Endangered Red Panda is the only living species of family Ailuridae and also found in Assam, northern Arunachal Pradesh near Bhutan border and Meghalaya Plateau. It is the state animal of Sikkim and can be spotted at other wildlife sanctuaries of North East Indian states such as the Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, Eagle Nest Wildlife Sanctuary, Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary and Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary. - https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-in-school/what-do-we-know-about-the-red-panda/article24740631.ece

Question:

Consider  the  following  statements  regarding ‘Indicator Species’ :

1.  It  is  any  biological  species  that  defines health of a certain ecosystem.

2.  The drop in numbers of butterflies indicate rainfall deficit.
 
Which  of  the  statements  given  above  is/are correct?.
-View

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 & 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer: C
Explanation

https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Thiruvananthapuram/burrowing-frogs-add-to-diversity-of-western-ghats/article19105005.ece

Question:Global climate risk index is published by -View

(a) German Watch

(b) World Health Organization

(c) UNEP

(d) World Meteorological Organization

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

 https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/environment/global-warming/india-sixth-most-vulnerable-country-facing-extreme-weather-events-report/articleshow/61581900.cms

Question:Consider the following statements. 1. International Solar Alliance aims to invite solar rich 121 countries located fully or partly between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn to join the alliance. 2. launched, on the sidelines of COP-22, at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris. Which of the above statements is/are true? -View

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

 ISA was launched, on the sidelines of COP-21, at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris in November, 2015 by Modi and French President Francois Hollande.  The alliance, headquartered in India, aims to bring together countries situated between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn which receive abundant sunshine for around 300 days a year.  ISA aims to invite solar rich 121 countries located fully or partly between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn to join the alliance.  International Steering Committee was establishment under the mandate of the Paris Declaration of ISA to provide the guidance and direction to establish the ISA.  It will function from the Gurgaon, Haryana based National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE).  India has offered a contribution of Rs 175 crore for creating ISA corpus fund and for meeting the cost of ISA secretariat for initial five years.

Question:Consider the following statements. 1. Nitrogen is present in abundance in gaseous form in the air. 2. Plants cannot absorb nitrogen in gaseous form in the air. Which of the above statements is/are false? -View

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

Question:Consider the following statements. 1. The leaves other than green also have chlorophyll. 2. Photosynthesis takes place in these leaves also. Which of the above statements is/are true? -View

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

Question:Consider the following statements. 1. Mouse Deer is the smallest descendent of ungulate species. 2. It has been declared as Least Concerned species by IUCN. Which of the above statements is/are false?. -View

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

 https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/environment/flora-fauna/indian-mouse-deer-spotted-after-112-years-in-chhattisgarh/articleshow/60782465.cms  Mouse deer, which had become extinct in the Nalamala forests, has once again begun springing in the dense and thick bushes of the jungle after more than a decade.  Officials of the Amrabad Tiger Reserve on 12th Sept reintroduced eight mouse deer (2 males and 6 females), which were bred in captivity at the Nehru Zoological Park here for last seven years.  State forest department’s conservation breeding programme started at NZP in March 2010 with just six mouse deer (3 males and 3 females), which were brought from the Mangalore Zoo.  The numbers have swelled to 172, out of which 76 are female.  However, the animals were supposed to be released into the wild in 2013 itself.  In the last five years, many of them were dead in captivity and the lifespan of mouse deer is relatively short, with most living up to five or six years only.  The Nehru Zoological Park in association with Central Zoo Authority (CZA) and Laboratory for Conservation of Endangered Species (LaCONES) has been taken up for the conservation programme.  In order to reintroduce the mouse deer, which are bred in the NZP, a suitable location was identified in Mannanur forest range of ATR duly creating a protected enclosure, which is spread over 2.14 hectares of forest.  The enclosure has been completely protected by providing solar fence, watering facility through solar powered bore and CCTV cameras to monitor animals.

Question:APEDA functions under the Ministry of -View

(a) Commerce

(b) Power

(c) Petroleum

(d) Agriculture

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

• APEDA is an apex body of the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India, to promote the export of agricultural commodities and processed food products. • Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) has developed a mobile app, “Hortinet” for farmers to facilitate registration, testing and certification of certain fruits and vegetables.

Question:Earth Overshoot Day is calculated by 1. WWF 2. Global Footprint Network 3. UNEP -View

(a) Only 2 & 3

(b) Only 1

(c) Only 1 and 2

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation

• In 2017, Earth Overshoot Day fell on August 2, the earliest date since ecological overshoot began in the early 1970s. • It is the date when humanity annual demand on nature exceeds what Earth can regenerate over the entire year. • It is calculated by WWF and Global Footprint Network.

Question:Which of the following is/are true about transpiration in plants?. (1). It helps in temperature regulation. (2). It provides water for photosynthesis. -View

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

Check Answer:

Answer:
Explanation