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Classes for GS 4 - Ethics & Integrity

Essay Classes and Tests

In Mains 2018 we predicted question on "Bose Einstein Condensate" in GS 3 which is highly remote. In Mains 2018 we predicted question on "Thirukkural" in GS 4. In fact the same Thirukkural we explained in class also.

In Prelims 2019 many questions came from our Test Series. For Example –

UPSC Prelims 2019 Q no 22 Set C Our Test.No.17. qn. No. 36
What was the purpose of Inter-Creditor Agreement signed by Indian banks and financial institutions recently?
(a) To lessen the Government of India's perennial burden of fiscal deficit nd current account deficit
(b) To support the infrastructure projects of Central and State Governments
(c) To act as independent regulator in case of applications for loans of Rs. 50 crore or more
(d) To aim at faster resolution of stressed assets of Rs. 50 crore or more which are-under consortium lending
What is Inter-Creditor Agreement (ICA) recently initiated by Government?
(a) It is an agreement aimed at resolving loan accounts with a size of Rs.50 crore and above under a group of lenders.
(b) It is an initiative to sell the insolvent assets of lenders from public sector bank to asset reconstruction companies.
(c) It is an agreement to monitor the remittances of NRIs from different countries to prevent tax evasion.
(d) It is a multilateral agreement to prevent terrorist financing

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UPSC Question – Mains 2018 Tally

GS 1
9) ‘Despite the implementation of various programmes for the eradication of poverty by the government in India, poverty is still existing’. Explain by giving reasons. (10)
GS - PAPER 1 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 10
India's poverty eradication challenge is in the nature and design of the poverty alleviation programmes. Comment.
GS - TEST 4 - Qn. No.14
Indian political, policy and administrative systems have to adjust to the new realities of the transition to a middle- income country, in which poverty does not mean living at the edge of hunger but, rather, lack of income to take advantage of the opportunities thrown up by a growing economy. Comment.
6) Define mantle plume and explain its role in plate tectonics. (10)
GS - PAPER 1 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 13
What is a volcanic “hotspot”?. Does Plate Tectonics account for volcanic “hotspot”?.
5) Why is India taking a keen interest in the Arctic region? (10) GS - PAPER 1 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 17 Comment on India's Arctic vision.
8) “Caste system is assuming new identities and associational forms. Hence, the caste system cannot be eradicated in India.” Comment. (10)
GS - PAPER 1 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 17
Distinguish between Class and Caste in Indian Society. What would be the future of Caste System in India?.
1) Safeguarding the Indian art heritage is the need of the moment. Comment (10)
GS - PAPER 1 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 2
What are "Tangible and Intangible Heritage"?. Is preserving heritage, a corporate social responsibility?. Comment.
3) Throw light on the significance of the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi in the present times. (10)
GS - PAPER 1 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 3
Critically examine the Gandhiji's socio-political agenda and its contemporary significance.
11) The Bhakti movement received a remarkable re-orientation with the advent of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Discuss. (15)
GS - PAPER 1 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 4
Trace the brief history of the Bhakti movement. Add a note on any two Bhakti saints and their main teachings.
18) ‘Women’s movement in India has not addresses the issues of women of lower social strata.’ Substantiate your view. (15)
GS - PAPER 1 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 6
Identify the link among Class, Caste and Patriarchy in Indian society.
16) What is the significance of Industrial Corridors in India? Identifying industrial corridors, explain their main characteristics. (15)
GS - PAPER 1 FULL TEST - Qn. No.16 (b)
(b) A greater fiscal outlay for industrial corridors signals the government’s intent to use these mega enclaves as one of the major vehicles to push the ‘Make in India’ initiative. Elucidate the salience of industrial corridors.
12) Discuss whether the formation of new states in recent times is beneficial or not for the economy of India. (15)
GS - TEST 10 - Qn. No. 16
Does India need smaller states for better development?.
20) ‘Communalism arises either due to power struggle or relative deprivation.’ Argue by giving suitable illustrations. (15)
GS - TEST 10 - Qn. No.18
Communal violence is meticulously planned by vested interests in an environment of socio-cultural dislocations brought about by modernity. Comment.
19) ‘Globalisation is generally said to promote cultural homogenisation but due to this cultural specificities appear to be strengthened in the Indian society.’ Elucidate.
GS - TEST 4 - Qn. No.20
What is Mc-Donaldization?. Identify the basic dimensions of Mc-Donaldization process & its impact on Indian Society.
GS 2
20) In what ways would the ongoing US-Iran Nuclear Pact Controversy affect the national interest of India? How should India respond to its situation? (15)
GS - PAPER 2 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 12
What are the options available for India w.r.t. Iran N-deal cauldron?.
19) What are the key areas of reform if the WTO has to survive in the present context of ‘Trade War’, especially keeping in mind the interest of India? (15)
GS - PAPER 2 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 13
WTO's credibility, survival is at risk as trade war looms. Examine.
9) “India’s relations with Israel have, of late, acquired a depth and diversity, which cannot be rolled back.” Discuss. (10 )
GS - PAPER 2 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 14
Despite Israel’s chequered journey with India, India-Israel ties has been taken to a whole new level in the last decade. Comment.
4) Why do you think the committees are considered to be useful for parliamentary work? Discuss, in this context, the role of the Estimates Committee. (10)
GS - PAPER 2 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 15
Distinguish between Standing Committee and Ad hoc Committee in Parliament. What is a Joint Parliamentary Committee?. What are the powers of Joint Parliamentary committee?.
2) Whether National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) can enforce the implementation of constitutional reservation for the Scheduled Castes in the religious minority institutions? Examine. (10)
GS - PAPER 2 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 16
Examine the significance of "Nagaraj Verdict" in Indian Socio-Political system.
10) A number of outside powers have entrenched themselves in Central Asia, which is a zone of interest to India. Discuss the implications, in this context, of India’s joining the Ashgabat Agreement, 2018. (10)
GS - PAPER 2 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 17
India's admission to Ashgabat Agreement pushes India's Eurasian connectivity agenda. Discuss.
11) Whether the Supreme Court Judgement (July 2018) can settle the political tussle between the Lt. Governor and elected government of Delhi? Examine. (15)
GS - PAPER 2 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 18
Present your views on Delhi Govt vs Lieutenant Governor power struggle and Supreme Court's Judgement in this regard.
14) How is the Finance Commission of India constituted? What do you know about the terms of reference of the recently constituted Finance Commission? Discuss. (15)
GS - PAPER 2 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 19
The presidential terms of reference of the Fifteenth Finance Commission have raised questions. Explain.
6) “Policy contradictions among various competing sectors and stakeholders have resulted in inadequate ‘protection and prevention of degradation to environment.” Comment with relevant illustrations.
GS - PAPER 2 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 2
Environment Policy endorses everything that bodes well for business. Comment.
GS - TEST 8 - Qn. No. 5
EIA reports are a critical component of India’s environmental decision-making process and they lack certain conditionality and essentiality. Comment.
7) Appropriate local community level healthcare intervention is a prerequisite to achieve ‘Health for All’ in India. Explain.
GS - PAPER 2 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 3
India has been ranked low by World Health Organization's report in health care. Identify the key strengths and weaknesses of India's health care. How should the country transform itself to achieve its future Healthcare vision?.
5) “The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) has a very vital role to play.” Explain how this is reflected in the method and terms of his appointment as well as the range of powers he can exercise. (10)
GS - PAPER 2 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 9
If the CAG were ‘merely' an auditor, why should Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, during the debates in the Constituent Assembly, describe the CAG as the most important functionary in the Constitution, more important than even the judiciary?. Elucidate the role of CAG. Identify the relationship among the CAG and the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) and the Committee on Public Undertakings (COPU).
13) Indian and USA are two large democracies. Examine the basic tenets on which the two political systems are based.
GS - TEST 4 - Qn. No.11
India has become a judicial democracy like the US. Comment.
18) The Citizen’s Charter is an ideal instrument of organisational transparency and accountability, but it has its own limitations. Identify the limitations and suggest measures for greater effectiveness of the Citizen’s Charters. (15)
GS - TEST 4 - Qn. No.16
What is a Citizen’s Charter?. What are the components of a Citizen’s Charter? .
GS - PAPER 2 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 7
Discuss Citizen Charter as a tool of Good Governance.
17) How far do you agree with the view that the focus on lack of availability of food as the main cause of hunger takes the attention away from ineffective human development policies in India?
GS - TEST 9 - Qn. No.12
Policies on Hunger & undernourishment should not only measure food energy availability. Income distribution & barriers to access are the reasons behind the issue of variable access to food. Comment.
GS - TEST 4 - Qn. No.14
Indian political, policy and administrative systems have to adjust to the new realities of the transition to a middle- income country, in which poverty does not mean living at the edge of hunger but, rather, lack of income to take advantage of the opportunities thrown up by a growing economy. Comment.
8) E-governance in not only about utilization of the power of new technology, but also much about critical importance of the ‘use value’ of information. Explain. (10)
GS - TEST 9 - Qn. No.5
E-governance is not just about government web site and e-mail. It is not just about service delivery over the Internet. It is not just about digital access to government information or electronic payments. Technology should be used to enable the delivery of result and higher utility, not merely as a substitute to reduce inertial processes. Explain
16) Multiplicity of various commissions for the vulnerable sections of the society leads to problems of overlapping jurisdiction and duplication of functions. Is it better to merge all commissions into an umbrella Human Rights Commission? Argue your case. (15)
GS - TEST 9 - Qn. No.7
The proliferation of human rights institutions to inquire into human rights, women and child rights, minority rights and SC/ST rights has not translated into better protection of human rights as the state machinery remains largely indifferent to them. Is it time to look at the possibility of a merged institution?.
GS - TEST 4 - Qn. No.18
Differentiate between statutory and regulatory bodies with examples. Why is National Human Rights Commission given only a quasi-judicial authority & not a full judicial authority?. Do you think this has made NHRC a toothless tiger?.
15) Assess the importance of the Panchayat system in India as a part of local government. Apart from government grants, what sources the Panchayats can look out for financing developmental projects? (15)
GS - TEST 9 - Qn. No.8
Tax collections at panchayat level are extremely low, which is posing a challenge to fiscal federalism and accountability, the Economic Survey 2018. Comment. What is the role of State Finance Commission?.
GS 3
3) What do you mean by Minimum Support Price (MSP)? How will MSP rescue the farmers from the low-income traps? (150 words) 10
GS - PAPER 3 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 11
A rise in the minimum support price alone won't help farmers. Discuss.
18) Describe various measures taken in India for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) before and after signing ‘Sendai Framework for DRR (2015-2030)’. How is this framework different from ‘Hyogo Framework for Action, 2005’? (250 words)15
GS - PAPER 3 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 15
Identify the need for accelerated implementation of the Sendai Framework. Can Sendai Framework ensure a climate-resilient future?.
5) Discuss the work of ‘Bose-Einstein Statistics’ done by prof. Satyendra Nath Bose and show how it revolutionized the field of physics. (150 words
GS - PAPER 3 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 16
Discuss the meaning of Bose-Einstein Condensate. Short notes on Rydberg polarons
20) India’s proximity to two of the world’s biggest illicit opium-growing states has enhanced her internal security concerns. Explain the linkages between drug trafficking and other illicit activities such as gunrunning, money laundering and human trafficking. What countermeasures should be taken to prevent the same? (250 words)
GS - PAPER 3 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 2
What is meant by ‘Golden Crescent’ ? Critically examine India's concerns w.r.t. ‘Golden Crescent’.
8) Sikkim is the first ‘Organic State ‘in India. What are the ecological and economical benefits of Organic State? (150 words)10
GS - PAPER 3 FULL TEST - Qn. No. 3
Has Sikkim’s organic tag delivered on the promise?.
16) With growing energy needs should India keep on extending its nuclear energy programme? Discuss the facts and fears associated with nuclear energy. (250 words)15
GS - PAPER 3 FULL TEST - Qn. No.13
While successive governments have long touted nuclear power as the solution to India’s energy woes, actual performance has merely flattered to deceive. Comment.
9) The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is viewed as a cardinal subset of China’s larger “One Belt One Road” initiative .Give a brief description of CPEC and enumerate the reasons why India has distanced itself from the same. (150 words)10
GS - PAPER 3 FULL TEST - Qn. No.18
Why should India care about CPEC?.
11) How are the principles followed by the NITI Aayog different from those followed by the erstwhile planning commission in India? (250 words)15
GS - PAPER 3 FULL TEST - Qn. No.19
Has NITI Ayog replaced Planning Commission functionally, efficiently?. Examine.
19) Data security has assumed significant importance in the digitized world due to rising cybercrimes. The justice B.N Sreekrishna Committee Report addresses issues related to data security. What, in your view, are the strengths and weaknesses of the Report relating the protection of personal data in cyberspace? (250 words). 15
GS - TEST 1 - Qn. No.7
Who are Data Controller and Data Processor?. Consent of the user is the key to data protection in India. Do you agree?. Place your arguments. This question was very much framed with the background of Srikrishna committee report.
12) How would the recent phenomena of protectionism and currency manipulations in world trade effect macroeconomic stability of India? (250 words) 15
GS - TEST 2 - Qn. No.18
The rising wave of protectionism threatens the developing economies and the emerging signs of trouble created by "Trump Tariffs" worries India a lot further. Comment.
Does India need to worry about currency war?.
4) Examine the role of supermarkets in supply chain management of fruits, vegetables and food items. How do they eliminate the number of intermediaries? (150 words)10
GS - TEST 2 - Qn. No.19
Organized supply chain, growing crops in sync with demand can boost farmers’ incomes. Comment.
7) What is wetland? Example the Ramsar concept of ‘wise use’ in the context of wetland conservation. Cite two examples of Ramsar sites from India. (150 words)10
GS - TEST 7 - Qn. No.19
What do Ramsar Convention & Montreux Record signify ?. Examine the significance and utility of new Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules 2017.
6) What are the impediments in disposing of the huge quantities of discarded solid wastes which are continuously being generated? How do we remove safely the toxic wastes that have been accumulating in our habitable environment? (150 words)10
GS - TEST 8 - Qn. No.10
Municipal Solid Waste Management plays an important role in sustainable development. Short notes on 'Waste to Energy' plants. Give an assessment of Solid Waste Management Rules 2016. We had laid emphasis on SOLID WASTE MANAGEMNT.
2) Comment on the important changes introduced in respect of the Long-term Capital Gain Tax – (LCGT) and Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) in the Union Budget for 2018-2019. (150 words)
GS - TEST 9 - Qn. No.19
What is meant by Capital Gain on Mutual Funds?. What Happens to Capital Gains Tax after the 2018–19 Budget?.
GS 4
5) (a) Suppose the Government of India is thinking of constructing a dam in a mountain valley bond by forests and inhabited by ethnic communities. What rational policy should it resort to in dealing with unforeseen contingencies (150 words) 10 (b) Explain the process of resolving ethical dilemmas in Public Administration. (150 words) 10
GS - TEST 9 - Qn. No.18
Define an Ethical Dilemma. How can it be addressed in Public Administration using ALIR imperatives?.


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